Legislation

Components of Legislation

In simplest terms, legislation needs to acknowledge the validity of an electronic record of ownership and lien as valid.

When considering changes to legislation, also consider

  • Allowing the DMV to accept title applications with an electronic signature. This allows for an electronic title application which can speed up processing. It does not eliminate the need for supporting documents like a prior title.
  • Incentives to motivate lienholders to use ELT. One such incentive would be raising the fee for paper titles. This would be less dramatic than requiring participation (another option to consider).
  • Allowing the DMV to change fees. Many jurisdictions have set DMV fees into law. Examine the fees for current applicability.
  • Allowing lenders to collect Service Provider fees along with DMV fees.

Legislation Enacted in Each State

Alabama HB 316 (2009)

An Act, To amend Sections 32-8-2, 32-8-3, 32-8-6, 32-8-9, 32-8-12, 32-8-13, 32-8-31, 32-8-32, 32-8-35, and 32-8-41 Code of Alabama 1975,
to change the definition of a new motor vehicle; to provide the Department of Revenue with the authority to promulgate rules to issue and transfer certificates of title electronically; to change title exemption and inspection requirements; to specify parties required to sign title applications; to add Section 32-8-68 to the Code of Alabama 1975, to provide the Department of Revenue with the authority to record and release security interests electronically; to repeal Section 32-8-14, Code of Alabama 1975; and in connection therewith would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended.

Unable to summarize due to length, please see Full document.

Arizona HB 2052 (2001)

From the Background:

According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 42 states are “title holding” states, which means that the state allows a bank or financial institution that has a lien on a vehicle to retain possession of the vehicle’s title until the loan has been paid in full. In Arizona, the borrower maintains possession of the vehicle’s certificate of title while continuing to pay off the loan and the title indicates the lien or encumbrance on the vehicle at the time of transfer. Upon final payment on a lien or encumbrance, the holder of the lien or encumbrance delivers the certificate of title to the owner of the vehicle. On delivery to the Motor Vehicle Division (MVD) by the owner of the vehicle, MVD satisfies the lien in the records and issues a clear title to the owner of the vehicle.

Currently, paper titles are issued to the vehicle owner regardless of a lien on the vehicle. Depending on the number of financial institutions that participate in the electronic certificate of title system, MVD anticipates this legislation will reduce costs associated with the printing of titles and duplicate titles. MVD also expects that the provisions of the electronic certificate of title system will reduce the amount of fraud that occurs with duplicate titles and will provide more consumer protection for persons who are purchasing vehicles that may have outstanding liens.

Unable to summarize due to length, please see Full document.

Arizona HB 2169 (2008)

Sec. 2. Title 28, chapter 7, article 2, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section 28-2064, to read:

28-2064. Electronic and digital signatures; documents; acceptance; fee

A. On or before January 1, 2009, the Director shall establish a system
to accept and use electronic or digital signatures for any document or for any transaction prescribed in this chapter and sections 28-370, 28-444, 28-453 and 28-5111 through electronic media in lieu of the submission and maintenance of paper documents.

B. In the process of establishing the system, the Director shall:

1. Research methods to allow the department, authorized third parties,
licensed financial institutions, licensed insurers and any other person as determined by the Director to accept, exchange and use electronic or digital signatures or documents without submitting or receiving a paper title document.

Summary reproduced above (capitalization adjusted): Full document.

Effective date of September 26, 2008 not reflected in document.

Arizona SB 1293 (2009)

Section 1. Section 28-2064, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

28-2064. Electronic certificates of title system; applicability

A. The director shall establish a system to allow the voluntary REQUIRE recording of vehicle title information for newly issued, transferred and corrected certificates of title, including perfection and release of security interests, through electronic media in a cost-effective manner in lieu of the submission and maintenance of paper documents as provided in this chapter.

Most notable part reproduced above: Full document.

Signed into law 7/10/2009 not reflected in document.

California AB 1515 (2009)

SECTION 1. Section 4450.5 is added to the Vehicle Code, to read:

4450.5. (a) On or before January 1, 2012, the director shall develop an Electronic Lien and Title (ELT) Program, in consultation with lienholders,
licensed dealers, and other stakeholders, to require that all lienholders’ title information be held in an electronic format, if the department determines
that the program is cost effective compared to the current paper title and registration system.
(b) The director may establish an auto loan business volume threshold below which a lienholder is not required to participate in the program
developed pursuant to subdivision (a).

Full text reproduced above: Full document.

Colorado Senate Bill 06-163 (2006)

DDI Summary: Modifies the current legislation to allow for electronic titles.

See Full document.

Connecticut PA 02-70 (2002) (SB 20)

Sec. 6. Section 14-175 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective July 1, 2002):

[The] (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the certificate of title shall be presented or mailed to the first lienholder named in it or, if none, to the owner.

(b) The commissioner may maintain an electronic title file for the recording and storage of the evidence of any lienholder’s security interest. When the first lienholder’s security interest is satisfied and released, the commissioner shall present or mail the certificate of title to the owner, unless another security interest has been recorded by the commissioner.

Relevant portion above; Full document.

Effective date of June 3, 2002 not reflected in document.

Georgia HB 487 (1997)

Relevant portions:

(2) The commissioner may enter into agreements with any such security interest holder or lienholder to provide a means of delivery by secure electronic measures of a notice of the recording of such security interest or lien. Such security interest or lien shall remain on the official records of the Motor Vehicle Division of the Department of Revenue until such time as the security interest or lien is released by secure electronic measures or affidavit of lien or security interest release; after which release, or at the request of the lienholder or security interest holder, the certificate of title may be printed and mailed or delivered to the next lienholder or security interest holder or as otherwise provided by paragraph (1) of this subsection without payment of any fee provided by Code Section 40-3-38.

(d) If a lien or security interest has been electronically recorded, the release of such lien or security interest will require the lienholder to notify the commissioner and the owner of the vehicle, on a form prescribed by the commissioner, or by electronic means approved by the commissioner, of the release of the lien or security interest. Such notice will inform the owner that such owner may request a title free of lien, upon verification of such owner’s current mailing address, from the commissioner as provided in Code Section 40-3-56.”

Full document.

Iowa Senate File 2273 (2010)

Relating to a study regarding implementation of electronic registration and titling of vehicles, and containing effective date provisions.

Section 1. ELECTRONIC VEHICLE REGISTRATION AND TITLING —— INTENT. It is the intent of the general assembly to establish a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the initial registration and titling of motor vehicles, including electronic applications, electronic issuance of titles, electronic registration, electronic transfer of funds, electronic perfection of liens, and issuance of secure and individually identifiable temporary registration cards, by January 1, 2012.

Sec. 2. ELECTRONIC VEHICLE REGISTRATION AND TITLING —— IMPLEMENTATION STUDY.

1. The department of transportation shall conduct a study of how to implement a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

2. The study shall include participation by representatives from the consumer protection division of the office of the attorney general, the department of public safety, the department of revenue, the Iowa state county treasurers association, the Iowa automobile dealers association, the Iowa independent automobile dealers association, and any other persons designated by the department of transportation.

3. The study shall include but not be limited to an examination of all of the following:

a. The development of a cost-effective, efficient, secure, and user-friendly uniform statewide system to allow electronic applications for motor vehicle registrations and titles, electronic perfection of liens on motor vehicle titles, issuance of secure and individually identifiable temporary registration cards, and electronic transfer of necessary funds for those purposes.

b. The estimated costs and benefits to the department of transportation of implementing a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

c. The estimated costs and benefits to the county treasurers of implementing a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

d. The estimated costs and benefits to motor vehicle dealers licensed under chapter 322 of implementing a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

e. The estimated costs and benefits to consumers of implementing a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

f. The estimated costs and benefits of enhancing current computer systems maintained by the department of transportation and county treasurers as compared to the estimated costs and benefits of using a vendor to assist in the implementation and administration of a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

g. Procedures and best practices utilized by other states that allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

h. Information regarding the impact of an electronic filing system on access to private information and other security concerns.

i. Whether any statutes or administrative rules should be amended or repealed to implement a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

j. Any other issues that the department of transportation or other persons involved in the study identify related to implementation of a uniform statewide system to allow electronic transactions for the registration and titling of motor vehicles.

4. The department of transportation shall, by December 1, 2010, issue a report to the general assembly containing the results of the study required by this section.

Sec. 3. EFFECTIVE UPON ENACTMENT. This Act, being deemed of immediate importance, takes effect upon enactment.

Signed April 7, 2010. See Full document.

Louisiana Act No. 1276 (1999) (HB 1131)

To enact R.S. 32:707.2 and to amend and reenact R.S. 47:532.1(A)(7), relative to the Vehicle Certificate of Title Law; to authorize the department to
develop and implement an electronic media system for lien recordation and title information on motor vehicles; to authorize the setting of fees for such services; to require public license tag agents operating a secured host computer to provide a bond in an amount set by the department; to require the confidentiality of certain information; to authorize promulgation of rules and regulations; to authorize public license tag agents to contract for the administration of the electronic media system; and to provide for related matters.

Summary reproduced above: Full document.

Effective date of August 15, 1999 not reflected in document.

Louisiana Act No. 689 (2008) (SB 373)

Section 1. R.S. 32:707.2(A), (B), (C) and (D) are hereby amended and reenacted and R.S. 32:707.2(G) is hereby enacted to read as follows:

§707.2. Electronic media system for lien recordation and title information; fees; required bond; confidentiality of information; rules and regulations

A. The department is hereby authorized to shall develop and implement on
a statewide basis no later than January 1, 2010, a computer system which will permit the voluntary electronic recording of information concerning the perfection and release of vehicle security interests without submitting or receiving paper title documents. The department may allow the submission of vehicle title information for new, transferred, and corrected certificates of title, including the perfection and release of security interests, through electronic media in a cost-effective manner in lieu of the submission and maintenance of paper documents otherwise required by this Chapter.

B.(1) The department is hereby authorized to contract with public license tag agents for the purpose of administering a system which will permit the voluntary provide for the recording of vehicle title information and security interest notification without issuance of a paper title.

(2) The department is hereby authorized to promulgate rules and regulations in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act, to provide for certain limited exceptions to the electronic recordation requirements set forth by this Section, for individuals and lienholders that are not normally engaged in the business or practice of financing vehicles.

C.(1) An approved public license tag agent operating a secured host computer system interfacing with the computer system of the Department of Public Safety and Corrections, office of motor vehicles, and the computer system of a lending institution or other sales finance company shall be bonded in an amount specified by the department. The public license tag agent is hereby authorized to charge a fee to customers utilizing this electronic media system in accordance with the provisions
of R.S. 47:532.1(C)
.

(2) Each bank, finance company, lending institution, or other lender shall designate a public tag agent with which such bank, finance company, lending
institution, or other lender shall interface its computer system for the purpose of receiving electronic confirmation from the department, of the receipt and the filing of the security interest on the subject motor vehicle. Each bank, finance company, lending institution, or other lender shall also designate such public tag agent when transmitting a release or satisfaction of its lien.

(3) Any request to convert an electronic lien and title record to a paper document shall be forwarded to the department by the bank, finance company, lending institution, or other lender through its interface with its designated public tag agent. Upon receipt of the appropriate title and handling fees, the department shall provide the requested paper title.

D. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, a written or printed report of an electronic media transaction or recording permitted required under the
provisions of this Section, if certified as true and correct by the department, shall serve as evidence of any signature, acknowledgment, or information which was provided to or by the department through electronic means, and the certification shall be admissible in any legal proceeding as evidence of the facts stated therein.

* * *

G.(1) The department is authorized to form a task force to develop and implement the system required by this Section. The members of this task force
shall be appointed by the secretary and shall include representatives from the department, the commercial banking industry, sales finance companies, credit
unions, savings institutions, and the vehicle dealership industry.

(2)(a) The task force shall research methods whereby the department, lending institutions and sales finance companies may exchange and maintain
information concerning the perfection and release of vehicle security interests without submitting or receiving a paper title document. Further, the task force
shall develop methods whereby lending institutions and sales finance companies may submit, through a variety of electronic media, updated information pertaining to the title record, including the addition, assignment or release of vehicle security interests.

(b) No later than January 1, 2009, the task force shall develop and implement a pilot program to implement the requirements set forth by this Section.

Reproduced above. Full document reflects greater clarity of intent.

Effective date of August 15, 2008 not reflected in document.

Louisiana Act No. 65 (2010) (SB 198)

Relevant Sections:

Added:

(5) The seller or extender of credit may charge the consumer fees and expenses for electronic lien and title services or E.L.T. services, pursuant to
R.S. 32:707.2, provided in connection with a motor vehicle credit transaction.

Amended:

Each federally insured depository institution that originates more than two hundred fifty motor vehicle transactions per year, and each, finance company,
lending institution, or other lender shall designate a public tag agent with which such bank, finance company, lending institution, or other lender shall
interface its computer system for the purpose of receiving electronic confirmation from the department, of the receipt and the filing of the security
interest on the subject motor vehicle. Each federally insured depository institution that originates more than two hundred fifty motor vehicle
transactions per year, and each, finance company, lending institution, or other lender shall also designate such public tag agent when transmitting a release or satisfaction of its lien.

Full document

Massachusetts General Laws Part I Title XIV Chapter 90D Section 11A

PART I. ADMINISTRATION OF THE GOVERNMENT

TITLE XIV. PUBLIC WAYS AND WORKS

CHAPTER 90D. MOTOR VEHICLE CERTIFICATES OF TITLE

Chapter 90D: Section 11A. Electronic recording of security interests

Section 11A. The registrar is authorized to develop, establish and maintain an
electronic data and communication system with banks, credit or other financial
institutions for the purpose of electronically recording the existence of security
interests under the provisions of this chapter. Where an electronic lien
recording method is employed, the registrar may waive the issuance and mailing of the certificate of title to the lienholder required under section eleven.

Nebraska LB202 (2009)

Section mandating the development of an electronic title and lien system:

Sec. 5. Section 37-1282, Reissue Revised Statutes of Nebraska, is amended to read:

37-1282 (1) The Department of Motor Vehicles shall implement an electronic title and lien system for motorboats no later than January 1, 2011. The Director of Motor Vehicles shall designate the date for the implementation of the system. Beginning on the implementation date, the holder of a security interest, trust receipt, conditional sales contract, or similar instrument regarding a motorboat may file a lien electronically as prescribed by the department. Beginning on the implementation date, upon receipt of an application for a certificate of title for a motorboat, any lien filed electronically shall become part of the electronic certificate of title record created by the county clerk, designated county official, or department maintained on the electronic title and lien system. Beginning on the implementation date, if an application for a certificate of title indicates that there is a lien or encumbrance on a motorboat or if a lien or notice of lien has been filed electronically, the department shall retain an electronic certificate of title record and shall note and cancel such liens electronically on the system. The department shall provide access to the electronic certificate of title records for motorboat dealers and lienholders who participate in the system by a method determined by the director.

Full document.

Ohio SB 59 (2001)

Relevant quotes from the analysis:

Allows various actions relating to the titling of, and the creation–perfection, discharge, and cancellation of security interests in, motor vehicles, off-highway motorcycles, all-purpose vehicles, watercraft, and outboard motors to be completed by electronic means, in addition to the methods authorized by continuing law…

Requires the issuance of a physical certificate of title to a motor vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, all-purpose vehicle, watercraft, or outboard motor unless the applicant specifically requests an electronic certificate of title…

Allows electronic motor vehicle dealers, electronic dealers of off-highway motorcycles and all-purpose vehicles, and vendors of watercraft and outboard motors to file certificate of title applications electronically with the clerk of a court of common pleas, with the dealer or vendor being required to forward the actual paper application and associated sale documents to any clerk of a court of common pleas within 30 days after the certificate of title is issued…

Requires the Registrar, for motor vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, and  all-purpose vehicle title information, and the Chief of the Division of Watercraft of the Department of Natural Resources, for watercraft and outboard motor title information, to enable the public to access via electronic means and in accordance with rules adopted pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act applicable title information that is in an electronic format at the time of a request for access, with no fee being charged for the access…

Full document.

Effective date of October 31, 2001 not reflected in document.

Ohio HB 68 (2005)

Relevant quotes from the analysis:

Transfer of an electronic certificate of title when an electronic motor vehicle dealer is involved

(R.C. 4505.032)

Law generally retained by the act provides that if a person who is not an electronic motor vehicle dealer owns and sells to a licensed motor vehicle dealer a motor vehicle for which a physical certificate of title has not been
issued, the person is not required to obtain a physical certificate of title in order to transfer ownership to the dealer.

Electronic certificate of title when applied for electronically

(R.C. 4505.021, 4505.06, 4505.08, and 4519.58)

An application for a certificate of title for a motor vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, or all-purpose vehicle may be submitted in person at the office of a clerk of a court of common pleas or electronically to a clerk. Only motor
vehicle dealers submit such applications electronically. Ownership may be evidenced by a physical (paper) certificate of title or be in electronic form (an electronic certificate of title) within the Automated Title Processing System;
in neither case is ownership affected. In all cases, the clerk must issue a physical certificate of title unless the applicant specifically requests the clerk not to issue a physical certificate of title and instead to issue an electronic certificate.

The act establishes an exception by providing that in the case of a title application that is submitted to a clerk electronically, the clerk must issue an electronic certificate of title unless the applicant requests a physical certificate.

Full document.

Pennsylvania Act No. 74 (1995) (SB 476)

Section 2. Chapter 11 of Title 75 is amended by adding a subchapter to read:

CHAPTER 11

CERTIFICATE OF TITLE AND SECURITY INTERESTS

* * *

SUBCHAPTER C

ELECTRONIC LIEN PROGRAM

Sec.

1151. Electronic media system for vehicle titles.

1152. Development of pilot program.

1153. Administration of system.

1154. Expansion of pilot program.

1155. Certification.

§ 1151. Electronic media system for vehicle titles.

(a) Initial responsibilities of department.–The department is authorized to form a task force for the purpose of developing a system which will permit the voluntary recording of vehicle title information for new, transferred and corrected certificates of title, including the perfection and release of security interests, through electronic media in a cost-effective manner in lieu of the submission and maintenance of paper documents otherwise required by this chapter. The members of the task force shall be appointed by the secretary and shall include representatives from the department, the commercial banking industry, sales finance companies, credit unions, savings
institutions and the vehicle dealership industry.

Unable to summarize due to length, please see Full document.

Pennsylvania Act No. 113 (2006) (HB 804)

Section 1. Section 1151 of Title 75 of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes is amended to read:

§ 1151. Electronic media system for vehicle titles.

(a) Initial responsibilities of department.–The department is authorized to form a task force for the purpose of developing a system which will permit the voluntary recording of vehicle title information for new, transferred and corrected certificates of title, including the perfection and release of security interests, through electronic media in a cost-effective manner in lieu of the submission and maintenance of paper documents otherwise required by this chapter. The members of the task force shall be appointed by the secretary and shall include representatives from the department, the commercial banking industry, sales finance companies, credit unions, savings
institutions and the vehicle dealership industry.

(b) Task force responsibilities.–The task force shall research methods whereby the department, lending institutions and sales finance companies may exchange and maintain information concerning the perfection and release of vehicle security interests without submitting or receiving the paper
title document. Further, the task force shall develop methods whereby lending institutions and sales finance companies may submit, through a variety of electronic media, updated information pertaining to the title record, including the addition, assignment or release of vehicle security interests.

(c) Expiration.–This section expires January 1, 2007.

Section 2. Title 75 is amended by adding a section to read:

§ 1151.1. Program.

(a) General rule.–The department shall administer an electronic titling program that permits the recording of vehicle title information for new, transferred and corrected certificates of title through electronic media in a cost-effective manner in lieu of the submission and maintenance of
paper documents otherwise required by this chapter.

(b) Description.–The electronic titling program shall include, but not be limited to, methods by which vehicle title information, including the perfection, release and assignment of vehicle security interests may be submitted through electronic media.

(c) Mandatory participation.–Except for individuals and lienholders who are not normally engaged in the business or practice of financing vehicles, lienholders shall participate in the electronic titling program.

Section 3. Sections 1152 and 1154, 1154, 1379(B.1), 3327 AND 3701.1(B) of Title 75 are amended to read:

§ 1152. Development of pilot program.

(a) Pilot program development.–The task force appointed under section 1151 (relating to electronic media system for vehicle titles) shall develop a pilot program to implement voluntary electronic transactions in lieu of the paper documents required by this chapter. The department may limit the number of
counties in which the pilot program will be in effect and may also limit the number of lending institutions and sales finance companies participating in the program, but shall encourage lending institutions and sales finance companies of various sizes to participate.

(b) Expiration.–This section expires January 1, 2007.

§ 1154. Expansion of pilot program.

(a) Pilot program expansion.–If, after 12 months of operation, the secretary certifies in the Pennsylvania Bulletin that the pilot program created under section 1152 (relating to development of pilot program) has been successful, the department shall promulgate regulations governing voluntary electronic media transactions in lieu of submission and maintenance of paper documents otherwise required by this chapter. Until the regulations are adopted, the department may maintain and expand the pilot program provided for in section 1152.

(b) Expiration.–This section expires January 1, 2007.

Relevant portion above; Full document.

South Carolina H 4798 (2004)

Section 56-19-265. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, the Department of Motor Vehicles may accept electronically filed lien information for newly acquired vehicles, vehicles already titled, and lien releases. The department is authorized to collect a transaction fee from commercial parties who either transmit or retrieve data from the department pursuant to this section. The fee must not exceed five dollars for each transaction and must be mutually agreed to by all parties. These fees must be placed by the Comptroller General into a special restricted account to be used by the department to defray the expenses of this program.

Full text reproduced above: Full document.

South Carolina H 3323 (2008)

An act to amend Section 56-19-265, Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1976, relating to the Department of Motor Vehicles’ acceptance of electronically filed lien information for newly acquired vehicles, vehicles already titled, and lien releases, and the collection of a transaction fee for the transmission or retrieval of data from the Department pursuant to this section, so as to provide that if there are one or more liens or encumbrances on a motor vehicle or mobile home, the Department shall transmit electronically or by paper certificate the lien to the first lienholder and notify the first lienholder of any additional liens, and lien satisfactions, to provide when electronic transmission of liens and lien satisfactions is used, a certificate of title may be issued when the last lien is satisfied and a clear certificate is issued, to provide that when a motor vehicle or mobile home is subject to an electronic lien, its certificate of title is physically held by the lienholder, to provide that a certified copy of an electronic record of a lien is admissible in court as evidence of the existence of a lien, to provide that the lienholder has the option to receive a paper certificate of title and to receive notices of subsequent liens and satisfaction of liens by the united states postal service, and to provide that a transaction fee may be collected by commercial parties and lenders who transmit or retrieve data pursuant to this section.

Full text reproduced above (capitalization adjusted): Full document.

Texas HB 310 (2007)

Sec. 502.456. DEPARTMENT SUPPORT. (a) The department may enter into a system design contract to determine the feasibility and benefits of an electronic registration and title system to facilitate the registration and titling of motor vehicles under this subchapter.

Relevant portion above; Full document.

Virginia Code 1950, § 46-68; 1958, c. 541, § 46.1-68; 1989, c. 727; 2005, c. 305

§ 46.2-603. Issuance of certificate of title and registration card.

A. The Department, on receiving an application for a certificate of title for a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer, shall issue to the owner a certificate of title and a registration card as separate documents.

B. Subject to all applicable federal laws, the Department may, at the written request of the owner or lienholder listed on the application for certificate of title, supplemental lien, or transfer of lien, refrain from issuing a certificate of title in paper form and, instead, shall create only the electronic record of such title to be retained by the Department in its existing electronic title record system with a notation that no certificate of title has been printed on paper. The owner of a vehicle will be deemed to have obtained and the Department will be deemed to have issued, a certificate of title when such title record has been created electronically as provided in this subsection. An owner or lienholder listed on a title record so created may at any time request and the Department shall provide a paper certificate of title for the vehicle. All transfers of vehicle ownership shall require a paper certificate of title in accordance with, and subject to, all applicable federal laws.

West Virginia 1999 Senate Bill No. 357

A BILL to amend and reenact sections … relating to allowing the use of electronic transmission and recording of vehicle registration, title and lien information among dealers, banks and the division of motor vehicles; providing that a copy of the electronic record of a certificate of title or lien is admissible as evidence; authorizing dealers to issue vehicle registration documents and plates after collecting all fees and taxes; setting fees; providing criminal penalties for an agent of the division of motor vehicles who issues vehicle registration without first performing certain duties; providing for issuance of liens, titles and registration in electronic format; authorizing service providers to administer electronic exchange of information, documents and fees and to provide forms and materials; providing for revocation of authority; requiring bond; and providing that when a vehicle is subject to an electronic lien, the certificate of title shall be considered held by the lien-holder for certain purposes.

Summary from the bill above; Full document.

Wisconsin 2009 Budget Bill (Act 28)

SECTION 2913. 342.245 of the statutes is created to read:

342.245 Electronic processing of certain applications.

(1) Except as provided in sub. (3), a secured party shall file a security interest statement and pay the fee under s. 342.19 (2) (a) 2. and deliver a release of a security interest under s. 342.22 (1) (b) utilizing an electronic process prescribed by the department under sub. (4).

(2) Upon receipt of a certificate of title as provided in s. 342.20 (1), a person required to file a security interest statement under sub. (1) shall destroy the certificate of title.

(3) The department may, by rule, exempt a person or a type of transaction from the requirements of sub. (1). Any person who is exempted under this subsection shall pay a fee to the department for processing applications submitted by the person under s. 342.19 (2) (a) 1. and releases submitted under s. 342.22, utilizing a process other than an electronic process.

(4) The department shall promulgate rules to implement and administer this section.

Relevant portion above; Full document.